Timeline

europe-1914

1914

28 June 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo
5 July 1914 – Kaiser Wilhelm II gives Austria carte blanche to deal with Serbia
28 July 1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, attacks Belgrade
1 August 1914 – Germany declares war on Russia
3 August 1914 – Germany declares war on France, German offensive into Belgium and France begins
4 August 1914 – Great Britain declares war on Germany
23 August 1914 – Russian-German Battle of Tannenberg begins
6 September 1914 – French stop Germans at the Battle of the Marne
9 September 1914 – German retreat from the Marne River
22 September 1914 – Race to the Sea begins
29 October 1914 – Ottoman forces attack Russia

1915

18 March 1915 – Allied naval attack in the Dardanelles repulsed
25 April 1915 – Allied forces land on the Gallipoli Peninsula
17 May 1915 – Lusitania sunk by German U-Boat
23 May 1915 – Italy declares war against Austria
6 August 1915 – Allied landing at Suvla Bay
3 October 1915 – Allied troops arrive at Salonika
11 October 1915 – Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary invade Serbia
30 November 1915 – Serbian forces retreat into Albania begins
19 December 1915 – Evacuation of Allied forces on Gallipoli Peninsula begins

1916

21 February 1916 – Germany attacks France at Verdun
24 April 1916 – Unsuccessful Uprising in Ireland
31 May 1916 – Battle of Jutland – the major naval engagement of the war, ends in a great loss to Great Britain
4 June 1916 – Russian “Brusilov Offensive” begins on the Eastern Front
16 June 1916 – Italian offensive in the Trentino begins
1 July 1916 – Allied offensive at the Somme begins
25 July 1916 – Serbian army returns to Salonika
27 August 1916 – Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
30 August 1916 – “Venizelist” revolt in Greece
29 October 1916 – Sherif of Mecca declared “King of the Arabs”
21 November 1916 – Emperor Franz-Joseph of Austria-Hungary dies
23 November 1916 – Greek Provisional Government declares war on Germany

1917

25 February 1917 – Germany withdraws to Hindenburg line
28 February 1917 – Publication of Zimmerman Telegram in U.S.
11 March 1917 – Baghdad occupied by British forces
15 March 1917 – Abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in Russia
22 March 1917 – Provisional Government in Russia recognized by Allies
24 March 1917 – British offensive in Palestine begins
6 April 1917 – U.S. declares war on Germany
9 April 1917 – Allied offensive in Artois and Champagne begins
7 June 1917 – British offensive in Flanders begins (Passchendaele)
12 June 1917 – King Constantine of Greece abdicates
29 June 1917 – Russian Summer Offensive (Kerensky’s Offensive) begins
6 July 1917 – Arab forces attack Aqaba
14 August 1917 – China declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary
8 November 1917 – Bolshevik Revolution in Petrograd, Russia
17 December 1917 – Armistice declared between Russia and Central Powers; all fighting on the Eastern Front ends

1918

3 March 1918 – Russia and Central Powers sign Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
21 March 1918 – German Spring Offensive on Western Front begins
28 May 1918 – Battle of Cantigny – First U.S. offensive action in the war
3 July 1918 – Sultan Mohammed V of Turkey dies
20 July 1918 – German forces begin retreat
8 August 1918 – Allied Amiens Offensive begins
26 September 1918 – Allied Meuse-Argonne Offensive begins.
1 October 1918 – Damascus captured by British and Arab forces
4 October 1918 – King Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicates
30 October 1918 – Turkey signs armistice with Allies
1 November 1918 – Allies retake Belgrade
3 November 1918 – Austria-Hungary signs armistice with Allies
9 November 1918 – Revolution begins in Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm II agrees to abdicate
11 November 1918 – Germany signs armistice with Allies
12 November 1918 – German Austrian Republic declared; Austrian Emperor Charles abdicates

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